Announcement regarding Econ Chapter 1 Review assignment

August 19, 2014

The due date has been postponed until Thursday.


08/19/14 Homework

August 19, 2014

Economics

Rate the U.S. on the Economic Goals found on pp. 25-26.

1. Summarize your assigned economic goal.
2. Give the U.S. a letter grade for your economic goal.
3. Write a short paragraph for your goal to justify the grade given.

Government

To review Chapter 1, copy and answer questions 1-20 in Cornell note format on page 24.


08/18/14 Homework

August 18, 2014

Economics
To review Chapter 1, copy and answer questions 1-7, 9-12, and 14-15 on page 20-21 in Cornell note format.

Government
Chapter 1: Principles of Government
Section 3: Basic Concept of Democracy

Copy and answer the following questions in Cornell note format by using the information from Chapter 1, Section 3.

Critical Thinking Questions

1. Describe the essential components of the free enterprise system.
2. What makes the free enterprise system work?
3. Give three examples of how our government participates in the economy.
4. Describe in detail of the Internet’s effect on democracy?


08/15/14 Notes and Homework

August 15, 2014

Econ

Chapter 1: What is Economics
Section 2: Opportunity Cost

Create a Decision Making Grid on…
Working After High School vs. Attending College

Then use the following words to write a detailed paragraph about whether to pursue higher education or work right after high school graduation.

Trade offs
Opportunity cost
Thinking at the margin
Benefit

Gov’t

Copy and answer questions #1-6 on page 16 in Cornell note format to review Chapter 1-2.
To receive full credit, you must have the questions along with your answers.

Notes

Chapter 1: Principles of Government
Section 2: Forms of Government

Governments are classified according to
(1) who can participate in the governing process,
(2) the geographic distribution of governmental power within the state, and
(3) the relationship between the legislative (lawmaking) and the executive (law-executing) branches of the government.

Who can participate in the governing process?
In a democracy, supreme political authority rests with the people. The people hold the sovereign power, and government is conducted only by and with the consent of the people.
A democracy can be either direct or indirect in form. A direct democracy, also called a pure democracy, exists where the will of the people is translated into public policy (law) directly by the people themselves, in mass meetings.
Americans are more familiar with representative democracy, where a small group of persons, chosen by the people to act as their representatives, expresses the popular will.
A dictatorship exists where those who rule cannot be held responsible to the will of the people.
It is the oldest, and the most common, form of government known to history.
Dictatorships are identified as either autocracies or oligarchies. An autocracy is a government in which a single person holds unlimited political power. An oligarchy is a government in which the power to rule is held by a small, usually self-appointed elite.

Complete the following statements.
1. A unitary government is often described as a…
centralized government. All powers held by the government belong to a single, central agency.
2. Unitary government can’t be likened to a dictatorship because…
the powers held by the unitary government are limited and representatives are elected by the people.
3. In the United States, the federal Government has certain powers and the 50 States have others. This division of powers is set out in the Constitution of the United States. The Constitution stands …
above both levels of government; and it cannot be changed unless the people, acting through both the National Government and the States, agree to that change.
4. A confederation is an alliance of independent states. As a central organization, the confederate government has the power to handle….
only those matters that the member states have assigned to it.
5. A presidential government features a separation of powers…
between the executive and the legislative branches of the government.
6. In parliamentary government, the executive is made up of the prime minister or premier, and that official’s cabinet. The prime minister is the leader of the majority party in parliament and is…
chosen by that party.
7. Parliamentary government avoids one of the major problems of the presidential form: prolonged…
conflict and sometimes deadlock between the executive and legislative branches. On the other hand, it should be noted that the checks and balances of presidential government are not a part of the parliamentary system.


Gov’t: Ch 1, Sec. 1 Notes

August 14, 2014

Chapter 1: Principles of the Government
Section 1: Government and the State

What does the government do for you?

Government is the institution through which a society makes and enforces its public policies (laws).

The public policies of a government dictate all of the things a government decides to do. Public policies cover matters ranging from taxation, defense, education, crime, civil rights, and working conditions.

Every government has three basic kinds of power:
(1) Legislative power—the power to make law and to create public policies;
(2) Executive power—the power to execute, enforce, and administer law; and
(3) Judicial power—the power to interpret laws, to determine their meaning, and to settle disputes that arise within the society.

A dictatorship controls the above with a single person or a small group.

In a democracy, the power of government belongs to the people.

Politics enables a society to decide who will reap the benefits, and who will pay the costs, of its public policies.

A state is often called a “nation” or a “country.”
A state must have…
People – a population
Land – territory, with known and recognized boundaries
Sovereignty (independence) – it has supreme and absolute power within its own territory and can decide its own foreign and domestic policies
Government – through which the state exerts its will and works to accomplish its goals

Theories of the Origin of the State

Evolution Theory:
Head of the primary family was the authority that served as the government.

Force Theory:
Government emerged when all of the people of an area were brought under control under the authority of one person or group.

Divine Right:
The rulers were given the right to govern by god. They could be chosen by gods.
To oppose the monarch (king) = oppose god = punished by the death sentence.

Social Contract Theory:
Thomas Hobbes stated that people surrendered to the state the power needed to maintain order. Therefore, the state agreed to protect its citizens. Hobbes believed that people did not have the right to break this contract.

John Locke stated that when the government failed to preserve the rights of the people; the people could break the contract (revolt) and justify it


08/14/14 Homework

August 14, 2014

Gov’t

Chapter 1: Principles of the Government
Section 1: Government and the State

List 4 examples (16 total) for each purpose to describe how our government fulfills each purpose.

The Purpose of Government:
1. To maintain social order.
2. Provide public services.
3. Provide for national security.
4. To provide and control the economic system.

 

 

Economics

Copy and answer questions #1-8 on page 6  in Cornell note format to review Chapter 1-1.

To receive full credit, you must have the questions along with your answers.


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