08/28/14 Homework

August 28, 2014

Gov’t

Attention: Chapter 3 Quiz will take place on Thursday, 09/04/14.
Copy and answer questions #1-23 on page 84 in Cornell format
to review Chapter 3. Due on Tuesday.

Economics

Complete two pages of Cornell notes for Chapter 4-1 from page 79-83. Due on Tuesday.
Remember to define the key terms also on page 79. (This should not be counted as a part of the assignment)


Econ Chapter 2 Review – Due on Thursday

August 26, 2014

Copy and answer questions 1-14 on page 46-47 to review Chapter 2.


08/26/14 Homework and Notes

August 26, 2014

Econ

Chapter 2: Economic Systems
Section 4: Modern Economies

Copy and answer the following questions in Cornell format.

1. How does the government of North Korea intervene in its economy?
2. Where is the world’s most free market? Explain.
3. Why is China said to have a transitional economy?
4. What does it mean when an economy is being “privatized”?

Gov’t

Homework

Copy and answer questions 1,4, and 6 on page 77 and questions 1-4 on page 82 to review Chapter 3, Sections 2 & 3.

Chapter 3: The Constitution
Section 2: Formal Amendment

The Amendment Process

Methods to Propose

The first method is for a bill to pass both houses of Congress, by a two-thirds majority in each. Once the bill has passed both houses, it goes on to the states.
¾ of the states must approve of the amendment. This is the route taken by all current amendments.

The second method prescribed is for a Constitutional Convention to be called by two-thirds (34/50) of the legislatures of the States, and for that Convention to propose one or more amendm­ents.
These amendments are then sent to the states to be approved by three-fourths (38/50) of the legislatures or conventions. This route has never been taken.

Regardless of which of the two proposal routes is taken, the amendment must be approved by three-fourths (38) of states. The amendment as passed may specify whether the bill must be passed by the state legislatures or by a state convention.

Chapter 3: The Constitution
Section 3: Constitutional Change by Other Means

Critical Thinking
1. By what means other than formal amendment has constitutional change occurred?
The process of constitutional change by means other than formal amendment has taken place—and continues to occur—in five basic ways: through (1) the passage of basic legislation by Congress; (2) actions taken by the President; (3) key decisions of the Supreme Court; (4) the activities of political parties; and (5) custom.

2. What role does the Cabinet play in government?
It is the Presidential advisory body, traditionally made up of the heads of the executive departments and other officers.

3. What is the current role of the electoral college?
It is the group that makes the formal selection of the nation’s President, usually based on the results of the popular votes in each state.

4. What is an executive agreement?
An executive agreement is a pact made by the President directly with the head of a foreign state. A treaty, on the other hand, is a formal agreement between two or more sovereign states. The principal difference between these agreements and treaties is that executive agreements need not be approved by the Senate. They are as legally binding as treaties.

5. Why has it been necessary to make changes in the Constitution by methods in addition to formal amendment?
The Constitution is a simple document. Most of its sections are brief, even skeletal in nature. In order to adapt to various needs of eras, the changes take place from the continually evolving experiences of government under the Constitution.

6. What do you think would happen in this situation: The President insists on making an appointment, despite the fact that a key senator has invoked the rule of senatorial courtesy against that appointment?
If the President insists on breaking the custom of senatorial courtesy, he might lost the support of the Senate members even if the Constitution has given him that power.


Gov’t: Chapter 3-1 Notes

August 25, 2014

Chapter 3: The Constitution

Section 1: The Six Basic Principles

Short and Simple

It begins with the Preamble that explains the purpose of the Constitution.

We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.

The first three articles deal with the Congress, the presidency, and the federal court system.

These articles outline the basic organization and powers of each branch and the methods by which the members of Congress, the President and Vice President, and federal judges are chosen.

Article IV deals mostly with the place of the States in the American Union and with their relationship with the National Government and with one another.
Article V explains how formal amendments may be added to the document.
Article VI declares that the Constitution is the nation’s supreme law.
Article VII provided for the ratification of the Constitution.

The seven articles of the original document are followed by 27 amendments, printed in the order in which they were adopted.

The Constitution is built around six basic principles:

Popular Sovereignty
The government draws its power from the people of the United States, and the people have given their government the power that it has through the Constitution.

Limited Government
The people are the only source of all of government’s authority.
Government must obey the law. This principle is called constitutionalism or rule of law-that government must be conducted according to constitutional principles.

Separation of Powers
The Constitution distributes the powers of the National Government among the Congress (the legislative branch), the President (the executive branch), and the courts (the judicial branch).

Checks and Balances
Each branch is subject to a number of constitutional checks (restraints) by the other branches. In other words, each branch has certain powers with which it can check the operations of the other two.

Judicial Review
The courts can determine whether what government does is in accord with what the Constitution provides. More precisely, judicial review may be defined this way: It is the power of a court to determine the constitutionality of a governmental action.

Federalism
The American government is federal in form. The powers held by government are distributed on a territorial basis. The National Government holds some of those powers, and others belong to the 50 States.


Announcement

August 22, 2014

Economics and Government Students,

The test for Chapter 1 and 2 will take place on Thursday, 8/28/14.


08/22/14 Homework and Notes

August 22, 2014

Econ
Copy and answer the questions below…

Ch. 2 Economic Systems
Sec. 3 Centrally Planned Economies

1. What are the characteristics of Communism?
2. What are the characteristics of Socialism?
3. What do communism and socialism have in common?
4. List the effects of the problems listed below that are associated with Centrally Planned Economies.
a. Guaranteed Employment
b. Government distributes a large share of physical capitals to heavy industries.
c. Inability to detect demand with sufficient accuracy.
d. May require a state which intervenes highly in people’s personal lives.

Gov’t
Copy and answer questions 1-15 and 19-25 on page 60 in Cornell format to review Chapter 2. This assignment is due on Tuesday.

Chapter 2: Origins of the American Government
Section 5: Ratifying the Constitution

Anti-Federalists and Federalists

The Anti-Federalists, who opposed it was headed by such well-known Revolutionary War figures as Patrick Henry, John Hancock, and Samuel Adams.
Anti-Federalists did not want to ratify the Constitution. Basically, they argue that:
It gave too much power to the national government at the expense of the state governments.
There was no bill of rights.
No mention of God in the Constitution.
The denial to the States of a power to print money
The national government could maintain an army in peacetime.
Congress, because of the `necessary and proper clause,’ wielded too much power.
The executive branch held too much power.
The Federalists, who favored ratification
The Federalists were led by James Madison and Alexander Hamilton. The Federalists stressed the weaknesses of the Articles. They argued that the many difficulties facing the Republic could be overcome only by a new government based on the proposed Constitution.

The Federalists, on the other hand, had answers to all of the Anti-Federalist complaints. Among them:
The separation of powers into three independent branches protected the rights of the people. Each branch represents a different aspect of the people, and because all three branches are equal, no one group can assume control over another.
A listing of rights can be a dangerous thing. If the national government were to protect specific listed rights, what would stop it from violating rights other than the listed ones? Since we can’t list all the rights, the Federalists argued that it’s better to list none at all.

By June of 1788, the Constitution was close to ratification. Nine states had ratified it, and only one more (New Hampshire) was needed. To achieve this, the Federalists agreed that once Congress met, it would draft a bill of rights. Finally, New York and Virginia approved, and the Constitution was a reality.
NY and VA were among the most influential states in terms of political and economic leadership. Therefore, the Constitution would have more validity once ratified by both states.


08/21/14 Homework

August 21, 2014

Econ
Copy and answer questions 1-8 on page 32 in Cornell format to review Chapter 2-2.

Gov’t
Chapter 2: Origins of the American Government
Section 4: Creating the Constitution

Copy and answer the questions below.

Critical Thinking
1. What was agreed to under the Connecticut Compromise?
2. Should the slaves be counted as part of the population? How was this dilemma resolved?
3. Describe the Commerce and Slave Trade Compromise in detail.
4. What sources influenced the Framers in writing the Constitution?


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