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Copy and answer questions 1-7 on page 336 to review Chapter 13-1.
Copy and answer questions 10-12 and 19-21 on page 442 to review Chapter 15.
Copy and answer questions 1-13 on page 326 to review Chapter 12. Due on Thursday.
Ch.12 Gross Domestic Product and Growth
Sec.2 Business Cycles
List the Cause and Effect for Each Scenario
More Business Investment
Less Business Investment
Rise in Interest Rate
Drop in Interest Rate
Rise in Consumer Expectations
Fall in Consumer Expectations
Positive External Shocks
Negative External Shocks
The test for Chapter 12-14 will take place on Tuesday, 11/18/14.
Review Chapter 14 by copying and answering question 1-10 and 14-27 on page 410. Due on the day of the test.
Chapter 14: The Presidency in Action
Section 2: The President’s Executive Powers
Powers of the Executive Branch
A. Figure out whether each power is implied or expressed.
B. Describe what the President can do with each power.
C. Give an example of how the executive power works.
1. Executing the Law
B. Uphold and carry out all federal laws, with some discretion in interpreting and enforcing them.
C. For example, immigration laws require that all immigrants seeking permanent admission to this country must be able to “read and understand some dialect or language.” But U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services in the Department of Homeland Security enforce the law.
2. The Ordinance Power
B. Direct the administration of the executive branch; issue orders and delegates responsibility within the bureaucracy.
C. 2.7 million men and women who staff the executive agencies are subject to the President’s control and direction.
3. The Appointment Power
B. Appoint some officials on his own authority and appoint other officials with Senate’s approval.
C. With Senate consent, the President names most of the top-ranking officers of the Federal Government. Among them are:
Ambassadors and other diplomats;
Cabinet members and their top aides;
Heads of such independent agencies as the EPA
All federal judges, U.S. marshals, and attorneys;
All officers in the armed forces.
4. The Removal Power
B. Remove any person that he has appointed except for federal judges; Congress may set limit on the President’s power to remove the heads of independent agencies that are not purely executive agencies.
C. Even with the opposition of Congress, President Andrew Johnson removed Edwin M. Stanton as the Secretary of War in 1867.
Chapter 14: The Presidency in Action
Section 3: Diplomatic and Military Powers
A treaty is negotiated by the President through the secretary of state.
The Senate must give its approval, by a two-thirds vote of the members present.
The Senate does not ratify treaties. Instead, the President ratifies it by the exchange of formal notifications with the other party or parties to the agreement.
An existing law may be repealed by the terms of a treaty.
An executive agreement is a pact between the President and the head of a foreign state.
It does not require Senate’s consent.
Most come from of legislation already passed by Congress or out of treaties to which the Senate has agreed.
The President can make them without any congressional action.
1. Provide examples of this statement: The President’s power of recognition can be used positively or negatively.
Positively: President Truman’s recognition of Israel, within hours of its creation in 1948, helped that new state to survive among its hostile Arab neighbors.
Negatively: The President may show American displeasure with the conduct of another country by asking for the recall of that nation’s ambassador or other diplomatic representatives in this country.
2. Why does the U.S. need to recognize China diplomatically even though it has abused human rights?
Because China is our country’s biggest trading partner and it has a great impact on our economy.
3. Under what circumstances might the President declare a country’s diplomat to be persona non grata?
The withdrawal of recognition is the sharpest diplomatic reprimand or disapproval one government may give to another and has often been a step on the way to war.
4. Which of the President’s powers is almost unlimited? Why?
As commander-in-chief, the president’s power is almost unlimited because he has control over the military without needing any congressional approval.
5. How has the Congress limited the president’s military powers?
Congress passed the War Powers Resolution of 1973.
The resolution’s central provisions require that:
(1) Within 48 hours after committing American forces to combat abroad, the President must report to Congress, detailing the circumstances and the scope of his actions.
(2) A commitment of American forces to combat must end within 60 days, unless Congress agrees to a longer period. That 60-day deadline may be extended for up to 30 days, however, to allow for the safe withdrawal of the American forces involved.
(3) Congress may end the combat commitment at any time, by passing a concurrent resolution to that effect.
6. Interpret the following statement: “The purse and the sword must never be in the same hands.”
If the president controlled the budget (purse), his power would be hard to check if combined with his power over the military (sword). Congress can limit his executive power by controlling the military budget.