Complete 2 pages of Cornell notes for Chapter 2, Section 3 from page 34-38.
Complete 3 pages of Cornell notes for Chapter 1, Section 4 from page 33-39.
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Chapter 2, Section 1 Notes
1. Identify the three basic concepts of government that influenced government in the English colonies.
The three basic concepts of government are ordered government, limited government, and representative government. English colonists who saw the need for orderly regulation, so they then created local government based on what they had in England. For example, the city hall, fire department, police department to keep peace and order. Limited government means that even though the government is the government, it doesn’t have all the power people think it does. As citizens, we have rights that the government has no control over. Representative government is a person that is voted by the people. The rep. is sent to the legislative government to be the voice of the people.
2. Explain the significance of the following landmark English documents: the Magna Carta, the Petition of Right, the English Bill of Rights.
The three important English documents are the first series of challenges against dictatorship. The Petition of Right limited the power of the kings by forcing a King to seek approval from the Parliament for more money in taxes. Most importantly, the Magna Carta and the English Bill of Rights granted protection for the people. The Magna Carta is the protection against the arbitrary taking of life, liberty or property. The English Bill of Rights guaranteed the rights to fair trials and forbade cruel and unusual punishment. Thus the Magna Carta and the English Bill of Rights limited the absolute power of a dictator and eventually gave birth to democracy in America. After the Revolutionary War, the United States adopted the Bill of Rights and the Constitution in which concepts were taken directly from the English Bill of Rights.
3. Describe the three types of colonies that the English established in North America.
Colonies that had been established in North America were divided into three categories: Royal, Proprietary, and Charter. Royal colonies were under direct control of the British Crown. The King would appoint governors and council members to serve in the colonies. Charter colonies were largely self-governing colonies whose governors are elected each year by the white, male property owners in each state. In a proprietary colony, it is organized by proprietors. The land can be settled and governed as much as the proprietor wants. The government is similar to the royal colony, but the legislature is unicameral.