Money Project for Economics – Due on Friday, 03/15/15

March 3, 2015

Write a poem/rap/song about the uses and characteristics of money. Share it with the class on PowerPoint.

The requirements are simple, the poem or rap must…

  • Rhyme
  • Include all the uses and characteristics in your poem/rap.
  • Poem/rap must contain at least 10 lines.
  • Points: 50

Tips for PowerPoint:

  • Use size 24 font.
  • Eliminate any spelling and grammatical errors, a point will be deducted for every error present in the PowerPoint.
  • Learn the pronunciation of every word. You have control of the content in your presentation, so do not include a word that you cannot enunciate properly. One point will be deducted for every word that is mispronounced.
  • Use text that provides contrast to the background.
  • Use appropriate pictures for EVERY slide.
  • Email PowerPoint file attachment to mkhsko
  • Include Period, name and topic in the subject field.

02/26/15 Homework

February 26, 2015

The Gov’t Chapter 6-8 test and Economics Chapter 7-9 test will occur on Thursday, 03/05/15.

The following Chapter Review assignments are due on the day of the test.

Gov’t
Copy and answer questions 1-10, 11-15, and 21-25 on page 204 to review Chapter 7.

Econ
Copy and answer questions 1-16 on page 236-237 to review Chapter 9.


Gov’t: Chapter 7-3 Notes

February 26, 2015

Chapter 7: The Electoral Process
Section 3: Money and Elections

1. List the election related expenses that are paid by the campaign funds.
Radio and television time, professional campaign managers and consultants, newspaper advertisements, pamphlets, buttons, posters and bumper stickers, office rent, polls, data processing, mass mailings, Web sites, travel—these and a host of other items make up the huge sums spent in campaigns.
Television ads are far and away the largest item in most campaign budgets today, even at the local level.

2. Explain the different methods through which campaign funds are acquired.
Small contributors—those who give $5 or $10 or so, and only occasionally.
Wealthy individuals and families—the “fat cats,” who can make large donations and find it in their best interest to make them.
Candidates—both incumbents and challengers, their families, and, importantly, people who hold and want to keep appointive public offices.
Various nonparty groups—especially political action committees (PACs). Political action committees are the political arms of special-interest and other organizations with a stake in electoral politics.
Temporary organizations—groups formed for the immediate purposes of a campaign, including fund-raising.
Then, too, parties and their candidates often hold fund-raisers of various sorts. The most common are $100-, $500-, and $1,000-a-plate luncheons, dinners, picnics, receptions, and similar gatherings.
Direct mail requests, telethons, and Internet solicitations are also among the oft-used tools of those who raise campaign money.
Public funds—subsidies from the federal and some State treasuries—are now another prime source of campaign money. A subsidy is a grant of money, usually from a government.

3. Why do people make campaign donations?
Most want something in return. They want access to government, and hope to get it by helping their “friends” win elections.
Some big donors want appointments to public office, and others want to keep the ones they have.
Others want certain laws passed, changed, or repealed, or certain administrative actions taken.

4. What is the job of the Federal Election Commission? What are the four areas it must watch in regards to campaign finance?
It administers all federal law dealing with campaign finance.
They (1) require the timely disclosure of campaign finance data, (2) place limits on campaign contributions, (3) place limits on campaign expenditures, and (4) provide public funding for several parts of the presidential election process.

5. What are the current disclosure requirements for federal campaigns?
No individual or group can make a contribution in the name of another.
Cash gifts of more than $100 are prohibited. So are contributions from any foreign source.
All contributions to a candidate for federal office must be made through a single campaign committee. Only that committee can spend that candidate’s campaign money.
Any contribution or loan of more than $200 must be identified by source and by date.
Any spending over $200 must also be identified by the name of the person or firm to whom payment was made, by date, and by purpose.
Any contribution of more than $5,000 must be reported to the FEC no later than 48 hours after it is received. So, too, must any sum of $1,000 or more that is received in the last 20 days of a campaign.

6. What are current limits placed on campaign contributions?
Today, no person can give more than $2,100 to any federal candidate in a primary election, and no more than $2,100 to any federal candidate’s general election campaign.
No person can give more than $5,000 in any year to a political action committee, or $26,700 to a national party committee.
The total of any person’s contributions to federal candidates and committees now must be limited to no more than $101,400 in an election cycle.

7. What are PACs? What are their campaign contribution limits?
PAC = Political Action Committee. PACs are the political arms of special-interest groups—business, labor, professional, cause, and other organizations that try to influence government policies.
No PAC can give more than $5,000 to any one federal candidate in an election, or $10,000 per election cycle (primary and general election).
However, there is no overall limit on PAC giving to candidates. Each PAC can give up to $5,000 per election to each of as many candidates as it chooses. A PAC may also contribute up to $15,000 a year to a political party.

8. How do soft money and hard money differ?
Hard money is raised and spent to elect candidates for Congress and the White House.
Soft money is given to party organizations for such “party-building activities” as candidate recruitment, voter registration and get-out-the-vote drives, and similar efforts.

9. How do political groups get around the provisions of the Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act (the BCRA) of 2002?
BCRA does not say that other political groups cannot raise and spend those dollars. Almost immediately, a number of independent groups—groups with no formal ties to any party—emerged to do just that.
It is basically a way to skirt the ban on soft money. Some $200 million poured through that loophole in 2004.


02/24/15 Homework

February 25, 2015

Econ
Complete 3 pages of Cornell notes for Chapter 9-2 from page 219-226.

Gov’t
Complete 4 pages of Cornell notes for Chapter 7-1 from page 178-186.


02/23/15 Homework

February 23, 2015

Econ

Copy and answer questions 1-6 on page 217 in Cornell format to review Chapter 9-1.


02/20/18 Homework

February 20, 2015

Gov’t
Complete your summary for your assigned topic.
Copy and answer questions 1-26 on page 174 to review Chapter 6. Due on Wednesday.

Economics
Select an occupation / career and find the following information…

1. Job Title
2. Detailed job description
3. Required education
4. Expected annual salary


Gov’t: Chapter 6, Section 1 and 2 Notes

February 20, 2015

Chapter 6: Voters and Voter Behavior
Section 1: The Right to Vote

FYI:
State Disenfranchisement Laws

46 states and the District of Columbia prohibit inmates from voting while serving a felony sentence. Four states-Maine, Massachusetts, Utah, and Vermont-permit inmates to vote.

32 states prohibit felons from voting while they are on parole and 29 of these states exclude felony probationers also.

10 states disenfranchise all ex-offenders who have completed their criminal sentence. Four others disenfranchise some ex-offenders. In addition, Texas disenfranchises ex-offenders for two years after they have completed their sentences.

NOTES:
The size of the American electorate is at about 220 million people, nearly all citizens who are at least 18 years of age, can now qualify to vote.

The history of American suffrage since 1789 has been marked by two long-term trends.
First, the nation has experienced the gradual elimination of several restrictions on the right to vote. These restrictions were based on such factors as religious belief, property ownership, tax payment, race, and sex.

Second, a significant share of what was originally the States’ power over the right to vote has gradually been assumed by the Federal Government.

1789-The Constitution
White male property owners; about 1/15 of white males.
1850-Religious and Property qualifications were dropped
Almost all adult white males
1870-15th Amendment
All adult males including African Americans (but this was not enforced)
1920-19th Amendment
All adult women
1960s-Civil Rights Movement
All adult men and women including African Americans
1971-26th Amendment
All men and women over the age of 18

Chapter 6: Voters and Voter Behavior
Section 2: Voter Qualifications

Universal Requirements for Voting
Must be at least 18 years of age
Must be a resident of the state
Must be a citizen
Must be registered (except in No. Dakota)

Why residency requirement for voting purposes?
• To keep a political organization from importing (bribing) enough outsiders to affect the outcome of local elections (a once common practice).
• To allow new voters at least some time to become familiar with the candidates and issues in an election.

The significance of the Supreme Court case: Dunn v. Blumstein
• The Supreme Court found Tennessee’s requirement: a year in the State and 90 days in the county—unconstitutional. The Court held such a lengthy requirement to be discriminating against new residents and so in conflict with the 14th Amendment’s Equal Protection Clause.
• The Supreme Court said, “30 days appears to be an ample period of time.” Election law and practice among the States quickly accepted that standard.

Voting participation rate for 18-to-20-year-olds
• Young voters are much less likely to vote than any other age group in the electorate.
• In 1972, 48 percent of the 18-to-20 age group voted.
• In 2000, it plummeted to 28 percent.
• In 2004, it increased to nearly 38 percent.
• But contrast that figure with the turnout of Americans 65 and older. Their rate regularly exceeds 60 percent, and it did so again in 2004.

Why Don’t Young People Vote?

• They feel it doesn’t make a difference
• They aren’t registered,
• They don’t have enough information, or
• There isn’t enough time.

Why Young Voters Are Ignored:

• Because young people don’t vote, campaigns feel they shouldn’t waste resources targeting young voters, which only leads to continued disengagement of young voters.

Why Young Voters shouldn’t be Ignored:

• Because of the polarization of our nation’s electoral system, Republicans and Democrats are each battling over a handful of swing voters.
• Any candidate looking for marginal votes needed to win will find that young voters – with the right approach – can easily become their “new” voters.

Critical Thinking

1. What is the purpose of registration for voters?
• It is a procedure of voter identification intended to prevent fraudulent voting. It gives election officials a list of those persons who are qualified to vote in an election. Several States also use voter registration to identify voters in terms of their party preference and, thus, their eligibility to take part in closed primaries.

2. What is the correlation between the poll book and purging?
• State law directs local election officials to review the lists of registered voters and to remove the names of those who are no longer eligible to vote. This process is known as purging, and it is often ignored. The poll books soon become clogged with the names of many people who are no longer eligible to vote.

3. Why do some think that the registration requirement should be abolished?
• The critics see the qualification as a bar to voting, especially by the poor and less educated.
• Those critics support their case by noting that voter turnout began to decline in the early 1900s, just after most States adopted a registration requirement.
• They also point to the fact that voter turnout is much higher in most European democracies than in the United States.
• The United States is the only democratic country in which each person decides whether or not he or she will register to vote.

4. How have the states simplified the voter registration process?
• allow all eligible citizens to register to vote when they apply for or renew a driver’s license
• provide for voter registration by mail
• make registration forms available at the local offices of State employment, welfare, and other social service agencies

5. What is the significance of the Supreme Court case: Dunn v. Blumstein?

The Supreme Court found Tennessee’s requirement: a year in the State and 90 days in the county—unconstitutional.
The Court held such a lengthy requirement to be discriminating against new residents and in conflict with the 14th Amendment’s Equal Protection Clause.
The Supreme Court said, “30 days appears to be an ample period of time.” Election law and practice among the States quickly accepted that standard.


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