GOV’T: Chapter 21-4 Notes

May 19, 2016

Chapter 21: Civil Rights: Equal Justice Under Law

Section 4: American Citizenship

Classification of Aliens

Immigrants come to this country intending to live here permanently; but they do so first as an alien.

The federal government classifies aliens into 5 Categories:

1. Resident Alien – Someone who is in the country legally and holds a resident alien card. Can become a citizen in 5 years.
2. Nonresident Alien – Someone who is in the country legally, but hold a worker’s permit. Can only stay in the country for a limited amount of time.
3. Enemy Alien – Resident aliens who are citizens of the country that is involved in a war with the country that they’ve immigrated to.
4. Refugees – People seeking political asylum who have fled to this country to get away from persecution.
5. Illegal Alien – People that entered the country without going through the process set up by Immigration officials.

What does the 14th Amendment guarantee people of all races born in the United States?

It guarantees that anyone regardless of race born in the US and territories are US citizens, making state citizenship an automatic result of national citizenship. Therefore, states can’t make any laws to take away privileges endowed to the citizens by the Constitution.

What is the most common kind of citizenship in the United States?

Jus soli – law of the soil. Anyone born in the US or US territories is granted citizenship.

Is anyone born in the United States automatically a citizen?

Not if the parents are not subject to the jurisdiction of the US.

What are the requirements for citizenship?

a. Entered the country legally
b. Resided in the country for at least 5 years
c. Have good moral character
d. Support the principles of the American government (democracy)
e. Must read, write, and speak English
f. Show basic understanding of American government

What is collective naturalization, and give an example of collective naturalization?

It is when a group of people living in an area become American citizens. People of Hawaii were granted citizenship is 1900.

What happens during the final hearing stage of citizenship process?

The applicant will attend a hearing where he/she is asked to take an oath to defend the laws of the US and bear arms on behalf of the US as required by law.

What are the ways to lose citizenship?

Citizenship can be lost through expatriation, punishment for crimes such as treason or participation in rebellion, and denaturalization.

What will happen if a U.S. citizen becomes a naturalized citizen of another country?

He/she will lose citizenship automatically.

How can denaturalization occur?

If naturalization was gained through deception or if the naturalized citizen joins a communist organization within 5 years after receiving citizenship, denaturalization can occur.

Give three important responsibilities of American citizens?

a. Be aware of your legal rights and laws.
b. Participate in political life by understanding important civic issues.
c. Voting

Why do citizens need to participate in politics?

To maintain and ensure democracy.

ECONOMICS Final Exam Review

May 19, 2016



• Write a relevant detailed statement for each of the items below.
• I will be expecting at least 4 pages of notes for this 50 point assignment.
• This is due on the day of your final exam.

Important Topics:

1. entrepreneur
2. all factors of production (land, labor, capital)
3. efficient economy
4. law of demand, law of supply
5. shift of the demand curve
6. elasticity of demand
7. elasticity of supply
8. demand schedule
9. ceteris paribus
10. total revenue
11. characteristics of centrally planned economy and free market economy
12. mixed economy
13. traditional economy
14. Karl Marx
15. Adam Smith
16. Joseph Stalin
17. Vladmir Lenin
18. government subsidies
19. various types of monopolies
20. price discrimination
21. deregulation of industry (its cause and effect)
22. patent
23. effects of technology on the economy
24. cartel
25. M1 and M2 money
26. fiat money
27. financial intermediary
28. components of a bond
29. diversification
30. liquidity
31. capital deepening
32. distribution of income in the United States
33. Dow Jones Industrial Average and S&P 500 Index
34. GDP
35. income approach vs. expenditure approach
36. stock split
37. dividend
38. income stock
39. growth stock
40. common stock
41. phases of the business cycle (peak, contraction, trough, expansion)
42. Certificate of Deposit
43. mutual fund
44. characteristics and functions of money
45. inflation (cause and effect)
46. labor unions and what they do for workers
47. effects of a growing population on the economy
48. Medicare
49. inferior good vs. normal good
50. characteristics of the Chinese economy
51. opportunity cost
52. trade off
53. production possibilities frontier
54. scarcity
55. guns or butter

WH Final Exam Review

May 19, 2016

Chapters Covered: 10-14

• Write a relevant detailed statement for each of the items below.
• I will be expecting at least 4 pages of notes for this 50 point assignment.
• This is due on the day of your final exam.

Important Concepts

1. Amritsar Massacre and its significance
2. Sun Yixian and the Three Principles of the People
3. Mohandas Gandhi and his contribution to India
4. Twenty-one demands
5. Causes of the Mexican Revolution
6. Significance of Dunkirk
7. Invasion of Poland by Germany in WWII
8. Mussolini’s rule in Italy
9. Why did people support Mussolini?
10. Dawes Plan
11. Stalin’s collectives
12. Russification
13. Capitalism
14. How did Nazis discriminate against the Jews?
15. Conditions in the US in the 1920s
16. Nuremburg laws
17. Mao Zedong
18. Viet Cong
19. Khmer Rouge
20. Soviet Union’s ”Vietnam”
21. Japan’s invasion of Manchuria in 1931
22. New Deal
23. Characteristics of fascism
24. Tet Offensive
25. Karl Marx
26. Origin of Bangladesh
27. Creation of India and Pakistan
28. Japanese economy after WWI
29. Importance of Middle East region
30. Creation of Israel
31. Cause if Cold War
32. Cause and effect of Korean War
33. SALT
34. Changes in Japan after WWII
35. Objective of US diplomatic relations with China in the 70s
36. Changes in Soviet Union under Mikhail Gorbachev
37. Warsaw Pact
38. Détente
39. Stalin’s Great Purge
40. WWI’s Western Front
41. WWI’s Eastern Front
42. Schlieffen Plan
43. Treaty of Versailles
44. Cause of Britain’s participation in WWI
45. Cause of US participation in WWII
46. Mensheviks vs. Bolsheviks
47. Triple Alliance
48. Zimmerman note
49. Importance of Ottoman Empire
50. Effect of Nationalism
51. Fourteen Points
52. Island Hopping Strategy
53. Truman Doctrine
54. Blitzkrieg
55. How did Hitler violate Versailles Treaty?
56. Cause of Pearl Harbor attack
57. Manhattan Project
58. Kamikaze
59. Containment
60. Hitler’s reason to invade Soviet Union


May 19, 2016


1 1,2,3
3 1,2
4 1,2,3
5 1,2,3,4
6 1,2,3,
7 1,3
8 3
10 1,2,3
11 2,3,4
12 3,4
13 1,2,5
14 2,3,4
15 1,4
18 3
19 1,2,3,4
20 1,2,3,4
21 1,2,3,4


  • Write a relevant detailed statement for each of the items below.
  • I will be expecting at least 4 pages of notes for this 50 point assignment.
  • This is due on the day of your final exam.

Government Final Review
1. Unitary system
2. Federal system
3. Jurisdiction of federal court and Supreme Court
4. Classification of government: oligarchy, autocracy, democracy
5. Federalist vs. Antifederalist
6. Preamble of the Constitution
7. Capitalism, socialism, communism, and command economy
8. Concurrent resolution and joint resolution
9. How a bill becomes a law
10. Adam Smith
11. John Locke
12. Karl Marx
13. Electoral College: its flaws, proposed reforms
14. Articles of Confederation and its weaknesses
15. Structure of Congress
16. Formal qualifications for representatives and senators, length of term and term limits
17. Checks and Balances and examples
18. Separation of Powers
19. Politics
20. Formal qualifications for presidency, term and limit
21. Powers of Congress and President
22. Direct democracy vs. Representative democracy
23. Opinions of the Supreme Court: unanimous, concurring, dissenting, majority
24. Cause and effect of the Intolerable Acts
25. Magna Carta
26. Amendment 1
27. Amendment 2
28. Amendment 3
29. Amendment 4
30. Amendment 5
31. Amendment 6
32. Amendment 7
33. Amendment 8
34. Amendment 9
35. Amendment 10
36. Amendment 14 and Due Process
37. Slander vs. Libel
38. Constituent
39. Presidential succession
40. Separate-but-equal doctrine
41. Vice president and his duties
42. Impeachment process
43. Subpoena
44. Political parties
45. President’s judicial powers
46. Line item veto
47. Different forms of mass media
48. Factors that influence political party selection
49. Minor political parties
50. Extradition
51. Problems of the national government after the revolutionary war

ECON: Chapter 14 Google Slides Project (50 Points) – Due on Friday

May 18, 2016

1. Corporate Income Tax
2. Individual Income Tax
3. Social Security
4. Medicare
5. Unemployment Tax
6. Estate (Inheritance) and Gift Tax
7. Excise Tax
8. Import Duty / Tax

Project Requirements:

1. Research and present…
Relevant information about your tax such as definition, the method of assessment (how does the government get its revenue?), and important content from your textbook.
The benefits and various programs provided by your tax (if applicable).
The qualification requirement to receive benefits (if applicable).
Translation of your research.
2. Create an original political cartoon on a significant problem/issue with your topic.

Evaluation of this activity will be based on: the quality and accuracy of your research, visual presentation of your Google Slides show, and your preparedness (spelling, pronunciation, and grammar) during your presentation.

Google Slides Requirements:

  • Divide the work up evenly with your partners working on each assignment.
  • Proofread all work carefully.
  • Break up long paragraphs into bullets.
  • Make your Google Slide show colorful and pleasing to the eye.
  • Minimum font size should be 24.
  • Plagiarism is a form of cheating. I will be checking for academic dishonesty after each presentation. DO NOT COPY AND PASTE FROM THE INTERNET !!!
  • Please just send me a link, not a file attachment. my email address is
  • In the subject field, type in your names, period, and topic. Failure to do so will result in a 10 point penalty.
  • Don’t copy and paste.
  • Eliminate any spelling and grammatical errors, a point will be deducted for every error present in the slide show.
  • Learn the pronunciation of every word. You have control of the content in your presentation, so do not include a word that you cannot enunciate properly.
  • One point will be deducted for every word that is mispronounced.
  • Use text that provides contrast to the background
  • Use appropriate pictures for EVERY slide.

05/17/16 Homework

May 17, 2016

Complete 2 pages of Cornell notes for Chapter 21-2 from page 601-606.


Copy and answer the questions below…

Chapter 15: The Cold War
Section 3: Communism Spreads in East Asia

1. Why did the citizens of China support the Communists and dislike the Nationalists?
2. What changes occured in China once Mao Zedong seized control of China in the late 1950s?
3. Describe the Great Leap Forward in detail. Was it a success or a failure?
4. What was the objective of the Cultural Revolution (1966)? How did it affect the Chinese society?
5. What caused the split of the China – Soviet Union alliance in the 1950s? How would the split cause the U.S. to change its views regarding China?
6. How did the Nationalist Party rule Taiwan after it retreated from China? What is the Chinese Communist government’s view regarding Taiwan?
7. Describe Korea after WWII.
8. What caused North Korea to attack South Korea? How did the U.S. and the United Nations respond?
9. What was China’s response to the U.S. interference in the Korean War?
10. Describe North Korea and South Korea after the armistice in 1953.

05/16/16 WH Homework and Notes

May 16, 2016

You have three jobs for today’s homework:
1. Copy your question and complete a detailed response.
2. Translate your response.
3. Make sure your response and translation are generated by the computer.

Ch. 15 The Cold War
Section 2: The Industrialized Democracies

1. Why was the U.S. important in global politics during the Cold War?
2. How did life change in the United States after WWII?
3. What is the connection between the Middle East oil crisis in the 1970s and the recession in the United States?
4. What kinds of discrimination did African Americans endure in the 1950s?
5. What actions did the government take to ensure equal rights for minorities?
6. How did equality spread to other minority groups?
7. Describe the different views of the Republicans and the Democrats in regards to the best way to improve opportunities for all Americans.


Ch. 15: The Cold War
Sec. 1: The Cold War Unfolds

The Cold War was a state of diplomatic hostility that developed between the two superpowers.
In 1950, President Truman was determined to beat USSR in the arms race by developing thermonuclear weapons (H-bomb) that were thousands of times more powerful than the A-bomb.
In order for the practice of brinkmanship to be effective, the U.S. had to have a reliable source of nuclear weapons and airplanes to deliver them.

The Cold War affected more than just pace of nuclear weapons development, but it also caused the U.S. and the USSR to develop their science and education programs.

At the end of WWII, the Soviet Union’s major goal was…to shield itself from another invasion from the west.
Stalin ignored the agreements made in Yalta and placed Communist governments in Albania, Bulgaria, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Romania, Poland, and Yugoslavia.

In 1946, Stalin declared that communism and capitalism could not exist in the same world and that war between the U.S. and the Soviet Union was certain.
After the Yalta Conference, Germany was split into 2 sections with West having democratic government and East being communist (Berlin was in East Germany, but the city was split into East and West)

The “iron curtain” is a symbol of Europe’s division between a mostly democratic Western Europe and a Communist Eastern Europe.
The U.S. president Truman’s policy of containment was directed at blocking Soviet influences and preventing the expansion of communism.
The Truman doctrine was a U.S. policy that supported countries that rejected communism, but some people opposed it because…
1. It interfered in other nations’ business (sovereignty).
2. The U.S. did not have the resources.
3. U.S. could be giving aid to dictators.

Finish the incomplete statements below…
1. During the 1980s, U.S. President Ronald Reagan launched a program to build a “Star Wars” missile defense against nuclear attack.
2. American and Soviet arms control agreements led to an era of détente during the 1970s.
3. In 1959, Fidel Castro led his guerilla army to victory in the Cuban Revolution and set about transforming Cuba.
4. In 1962, the Soviet Union sent nuclear missiles to Cuba. President Kennedy responded by imposing a naval blockade that prevented further Soviet shipments. Kennedy demanded that the Soviet Union remove its nuclear missiles. After few tense days, Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev agreed to remove the Soviet missiles, and war was averted.
5. Containment was an American strategy of containing communism, or keeping it within its existing boundaries and preventing further expansion.
6. The Soviet Union sought to spread their communist ideology, or value system and beliefs, around the globe.
7. The economies of Western Europe and the United States can be called mixed economies, where consumers and producers make economic decisions, yet the government also plays an economic role.
8. The nuclear threat led many people in the U.S. to build fallout shelters underneath their back yards in preparation for an attack.
9. To stop the exodus of East Berliners, the East Germans built a wall that sealed off West Berlin.
10. Critics were concerned that the “Star Wars” program would violate the ABM treaty, which might provoke a renewed arms race.


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